A windshield washer reservoir that is cracked will leak washer fluid. You will notice that you are running out of fluid more quickly than usual, or you will see fluid puddling under your car. A damaged reservoir will need to be replaced. Perform a leak test on your reservoir before you remove it and install a new one.
Step 1 – Safety
Be sure you are wearing protective eye wear and that you are working in a well ventilated area. Your car engine should be off and transmission in Park, and the vehicle should be on a level flat surface. Read through the section in your owner’s manual regarding the windshield washer reservoir.
Step 2 – Locating the Old Reservoir
Open the hood of your car and locate the old reservoir. Disconnect the fluid hoses from the tank and the motor to the reservoir. If necessary, disconnect any wiring from the electrical system of the car. Remove the reservoir by unscrewing it from the assembly unit. It will have to be removed from above or below the car depending on your vehicle.
Step 3 – Removing the Wheel
The installation of your new reservoir may require the removal of one of your car wheels in order to get to the right area under the vehicle. Removing the wheel is a simple task, but be sure it is supported by a jack stand for safety.
Step 4 – Installing the New Reservoir
The new reservoir will need to be installed from above or below the car depending on how the old reservoir was removed. Screw the new reservoir into the assembly. Attach the hoses from the tank and the motor to the new reservoir. If necessary, connect any wires to the electrical system of the car. Use the recommended sealant to the seal the reservoir into place.
Step 5 – Testing the New Reservoir
Fill the new windshield washer reservoir to the level marked full, with window washer fluid. Turn on the ignition and press the washer fluid button in your car console. The fluid should readily spray from the nozzles near the windshield Be sure the spray from the nozzles is strong and constant. If not, go back and recheck the hose connections to the reservoir.
Step 6 – Consulting a Professional
If you are unsure about how to properly remove the old windshield washer reservoir and replace it with a new one, make an appointment with a service shop to have a professional do the installation for you. If a professional does the work, most of the cost involved will be for labor. A new windshield washer reservoir is a fairly inexpensive purchase. The installation job should take about an hour.
The year 1967 saw the establishment of office for the construction of No.2 Automobile Factory in Shiyan under the decision of the Central Government. In February 1973, Shiyan was promoted as a prefecture-level city directly under the jurisdiction of Hubei Province.
Since October 1994, the combination of Yunyang Area and former Shiyan City has brought a new Shiyan City with its name unchanged, consisting of Danjiangkou City, Yunyang District (formerly Yunxian County), Yunxi County, Zhushan County, Zhuxi County, Fangxian County and Zhangwan and Maojian Districts.
The emergence of Shiyan, the auto-city, was completely attributed to the settlement of No.2 Automobile Factory in the 1960s since there was only Shiyan Township instead of Shiyan City before that.
In a sense, it is this factory that has brought the development of Shiyan. Serving as a production base of commercial vehicles enjoying No.1 in China and top 3 in the world, Shiyan houses over 500 enterprises for the production of finished automobiles and their parts, with nearly 100 billion yuan of stock assets of manufacturing and an annual production capacity of 0.5 million automobiles.
Go kart racing is a great hobby and pastime for people of all ages, but you’re only as good as the go kart engine you’re running. There are several techniques that can be used to increase the power of a go kart engine. Here are several tips to help you get the most out of your go kart engine.
- Remove the Governor
Engines that are used for go karts are usually stripped from riding lawn mowers or golf carts. While this is a great way to give new life to an old engine, it also comes with some limitations. The government has set up safety measures that prevent lawn mowers and golf carts from hitting high speeds. They do this by installing what they call a “governor.” Adjusting or removing the governor will increase the speed and power of the go kart engine.
- Increase the Engine Size
The obvious solution to making an engine go faster is to increase the size of the engine. Many go kart engines only yield about five horsepower. Even upgrading to a 5.5 horsepower go kart engine can increase the speed more than you might think.
- Fix up the Carburetor
The name of the game is fuel injection. The carburetor is the workhorse of the go kart engine. There are jets within the carburetor that can cause the go kart engine to go slower. Changing these jets will increase the power of the go kart engine. You can also mill the head of the engine and bore the cylinders.
- Replace the Engine Pulley
A go kart engine has a motor pulley that is attached to the crankshaft of the motor. A small motor pulley decreases the speed and increases power of the engine. Measure the size of the motor pulley on your go kart engine and replace it with one that is larger. You will see a marked improvement in speed, but some loss in power.
- Switch out the Transmission Pulley
Like the engine pulley, if you replace the transmission pulley, you can increase the speed of the go kart. The transmission pulley is attached behind the motor pulley and is held in place by a bolt. By removing this bolt, you are able to remove the transmission pulley. To get an improvement in speed and power, it needs to be replaced with one that is smaller than the old one by at least two inches.
- Adjust the Air Filter
Many people feel running a go kart without an air filter increases its speed and power. This is not the case, as doing so will damage the engine. You can, however, make two adjustments to the air filter that will result in improved speed and power to the go kart engine. The first is to drill several holes through the air filter box without damaging the air filter. The second is to use a high performance air filter. More air flow means more combustion, which means more power. Combining these will further increase the speed and power of the go kart engine.
Cummins Engine Assembly: A Complete Guide
You cannot deny the fact that Cummins engine assembly seems like a daunting task, especially if this is your first time doing it. There are a lot of factors that you need to consider, and assembling a Cummins engine requires a lot of patience in the process. So, to help you get started here is a complete guide to assembling.
First, we start with measuring. Get the exact measurements of the crankshaft main bearing journal diameter using a micrometer. Unlike other measuring tools, it can help you to get more accurate measurements. Just make sure that you’re going to inspect each journal in several locations for better results.
When you’re going to purchase a micrometer, it’s either you could ask for an in-person demo of how to use it from the store where you’ve bought it, or you could watch tutorial videos. It’s empirical that you know how to use it properly otherwise you will not get proper measurements.
While measuring, you should record the measurements of the figures while going around the main bearing journal. For instance, in a typical modern V8, there are approximately five bearing journals that you are required to measure.
After measuring, you can proceed to install the main bearings. When it comes to the main bearing cap, you can start by installing in the block and pushing it to the edge of the main bearing bore. This process is repetitive but important until all bolts of the main bearing cap are in place. This will help to ensure that while the engine is in use, the bearing does not rotate by itself. Don’t worry because most Cummins engine numbered their bearing caps to make it easier for the installer. Torquing the cap bolts is highly recommended to ensure that it’s tightly sealed. Just make sure that you’re going to follow the specification of the manufacturer.
Next, you can proceed to the checking of clearances. You can now use a dial bore gauge if you don’t have an inside micrometer. Just like the crankshaft, it is important that you’re going to measure the bearings as well. Again, look back into the specifications of your manufacturer for proper guidance for a more appropriate clearance figures.
4. Crankshaft installation
The rear main seal could either be a one-piece or two-piece type, it depends on the Cummins engine that you have. Regardless of the format of your rear seal, it must be installed after checking for the clearances. Make sure that the seal on the lips faces is facing towards the engine itself. Using a clean towel, clean the seal groove thoroughly so that the sealant could function properly.
After the crankshaft installation, eventually, you’ll need to check the thrust clearance, rod clearances and use plastigage to finish the installation.
Follow these installation tips to ensure that you can properly assemble your Cummins engine. This will serve as your guide along with the manufacturer’s specification. In that way, you Cummins engine can function properly and avoid rookie mistakes in the process of installing.
In the juncture of the States of Chu, Qin and Han in the Spring and Autumn Period, the Wudang Mountain has long been a strategic place in military for its large altitude and valley depth, which enables difficult access and easy defense.And the name “Wudang” is associated with resistance against external aggression.
And a Taoist system, or “Wudang School”, formed in the area of the Wudang Mountain by worshipping Xuanwu as the chief god with excellence in self-cultivation as well as Leifa and charm as a form of Taoism, a religion deeply rooted in Chinese traditional culture.
In the Ming Dynasty, the emperors viewed the Wudang Mountain as a royal temple, worshipped Zhenwu God as the patron angel for the country and casted it as the mountain of “Taiyue, Taihe”, outweighing the five great mountains. Today, the Wudang Mountain deserves the title of holy mountain for its magnificent ancient building complexes, precious Taoist cultural relics, magic Taoist drugs, unique Taoist music, mysterious marital arts and abstruse Taoist philosophy.
A diesel cylinder head has multiple functions. It serves as the top seal for the engine cylinder. It also contains the cylinder intake and exhaust valves that manage engine breathing. Here’s how you can install the cylinder head.
Step 1 – Get Started
First, clean the cylinder head and the gasket surface of the cylinder block. Also remove any kind of oil or dust particles that can be clogging the threads of the head bolts or the bolt holes with the help of a thread chaser. Use a solvent to remove those old deposits using a plastic or wooden scraper.
Step 2 – Install the Gasket
Check the gasket surface of the cylinder head and the block for any warpage. Place the new gasket on the block and install the head assembly. Make sure that you do not rub or slide the cylinder head across the block, as there are locating pins on the blocks. Ensure that a new gasket is used that has not been compressed previously by using tightening bolts, as a cylinder head gasket gives a strong seal only once. Make sure that the new gasket matches the one it replaces. Now, install the pushrods and the rocker assembly. Then position the crankshaft to the TDC marking.
Step 3 – Tighten the Bolts
Make sure that the cylinder head is placed in proper alignment with the cylinder block. Tighten the cylinder head bolts by following the proper torque sequence. It should be noted that while tightening the bolts an initial torque and a final torque should be applied.
Step 4 – Install the Camshafts
Using a new gasket, install a new intake manifold and tighten the retainers accordingly. Now, place the camshafts on the cylinder head blocks and align the bearing caps over it. Tighten the bearing caps bolt in stages applying torque from center onwards.
Next, with a driving tool, carefully place the new oil seals into position. Install the No. 4 timing cover and the timing pulleys onto the camshaft. Make sure that the matchmakers and pins are in alignment. Rotate the engine till the matchmakers align.
Step 5 – Connect the Wiring
Connect the coolant hoses from the outlet on the front of the cylinder head and from the heater outlet on the left end of the cylinder head. Connect the wires joining the temperature and pressure sending units. Tighten the alternator mounting bolts and install the upper alternator bolts. Install the exhaust manifold. Connect the exhaust bracket from the exhaust pipe and the wire from glow plug bus. Also connect the accelerator cable and fuel injection pipes.
Finally, connect the negative terminal of the battery and the ground strap from the cylinder head or the intake manifold. If you are not sure about the connections, most user manuals come with wiring diagrams. Install the engine undercover.
Step 6 – Do Final Checks
Once again go through the entire setup and recheck if all the components are tightly held. Refill the cooling system and run the engine till it reaches the optimum operating temperature.